COMMUNES ET VILLES UNIES DU CAMEROUN :: UNITED COUNCILS AND CITIES OF CAMEROON

BUREAU NATIONAL :: National Office

KOMBO ABEDIMO

 

 

  Mayor  ABOKO Patrick ANKI
Phone    +237  677 47 98 14

Number of municipal councilors  25
Surface Area  700 km2
Density  7.37 persons/km2
Number of inhabitants  5,160
Date of creation  2007

Location of the council

Kombo Abedimo is one of the Municipalities in the Bakassi Peninsular which is situated in the South West Region of Cameroon. It is a Mangrove and creeks dominated area measuring about 700sq km, rich in sea and petroleum products and having strong touristic and Agricultural potentials.

Description of the Bio physical Environment

The Kombo Abedimo municipality is a maritime area with one distinct biophysical environment .The area which comprises about 10 villages is surrounded by an evergreen mangrove ecosystem with high variety of biodiversity, that is, birds and animal species. Accessibility to villages in the area is through the creeks. The area is highly risky during the raining season due to the swampy nature of the area.

Climate

Kombo Abedimo and the entire Bakassi zone have a prevailing equatorial climate with temperatures ranging from 20 to 31 degree Celsius and it is characterised by a three month Dry season and a long rainy season that lasts for 9 months.

The Kombo Abedimo council area has the equatorial type of climate which is characterized by two distinct seasons: the rainy and the dry seasons. The dry season runs from October to March .February is the warmest month with average temperature of 31.9 °C at noon.

Soil Type

The environmental impact Assessment carried out by the Mount Cameroon Project (MCP) in 2000, shows that the main type of soil found in this municipality is composed of sandy and salty alluvium and is subject to seasonal flooding. This soil type is very good for agriculture especially Cassava cultivation.

Relief

Kombo Abedimo has a gentle sloppy relief. The Kombo Abedimo Municipality stands out as a gentle relief area with generally lowlands. There are areas as low as 1m and even less in altitude around the maritime villages of Nkanekure, Etak-Erat, Ntakaba, Kombo Abedimo 1,2and3 which are below the sea level. The council has an average altitude of 18m and is interrupted to the east by Mount Cameroon. Close to the Atlantic Ocean are the mangrove, swamps, several Creeks and sand-spits that stretch from the rocky coast lines of Fako to the Ndian River Basin. The relief of the council area is generally a gentle slope.

Hydrology

The land of the council is blessed with so many water courses including rivers, stream and borehole. The names of these rivers include river Akpa Yafe, Akwayafe, Ngosso and Bakassi creek. The maritime area of the council is covered by sea and most of the villages found within these areas are Island.

History and People of the Council

Origin of the people

The Kombo Abedimo council was created in 1995 in the heart of the Bakassi conflict. It became operational following the 1996 Municipal Election. It was carved out of the Isangele Rural council due to the vastness of the council and with the hope of bringing the Administration closer to the people with late Edetson Bernard as pioneer Municipal Administrator. Unfortunately it was operating out of the municipality because the whole municipality was occupied by Nigerian troops. So the council timidly started functioning in 2007 following the withdrawal of the troops.

As at now, the surface area of the municipality is not known. There are 16 villages, four mainland and 12 maritime which are mostly fishing settlements. All the chiefs in this sub-division are not recognized

The population of the municipality is estimated at 8000(for political reasons) and almost 90% of the total population is made up of Nigerians. The main ethnic groups in the municipality are:

Isangele clan

Efiks (cross river state)

Ibibios

Oron

Efiat

Okobo (Aqua-Ibum state)

Ijaws (Bayelsa)

Size and structure of the population

Kombo Abedimo has an estimated population of 8000 inhabitants. These inhabitants are mostly Nigerians and they live mostly on fishing and farming. They also do clandestine exploitation of wood (mangrove).

Ethnic Groups and inter-ethnic relations

The different Ethnic Groups in the municipality are mostly of Nigerian origin. The only Cameroonian Tribe that can be spotted within the Municipality is the Bateka tribe and it is not fully from Cameron but mostly a mixture of both Cameroon (Isangele) and Nigeria.

Mobility of the population

The Kombo Abedimo council is endowed with resources whose harnessing is at the reach of the average person – fertile soil. Consequently, the council has been extremely vulnerable to migration within the country and even from without, especially Nigeria. Migrations within the Sub-division reveal three main characteristics: migrations from rural to urban areas; migrations from urban to rural areas (very rare cases); and migrations from rural areas to other rural areas. There is also movement out of the municipality (Rural Exodus) which is very evident and which is caused by the instability which was witnessed in the area and also because of the high rate of insecurity which has resulted from it.

Basic Socio-economic Infrastructures

The main activities in the Municipality are fishing and Agriculture. There is very small scale trading especially given that the municipality does not have a functional market. The Indigenes therefore have to buy or sell their produce but in the nearest Ikang market in Nigeria.

There are three Primary schools in the Municipality, one Technical Secondary school and one Vocational Training Centre.

There are two Health Centres in the Municipality, one women Empowerment Centre (not yet functional), one social centre (does not function effectively), three community Halls.

There are 12 Boreholes in the Municipality, one well, one water source, one Hydraulic water network. Just one community has the potentials of having electricity supply soon because there has been the installation of electricity poles in the community (Akwa).

Sylviculture

Sylviculture is not a common practice in the Kombo Abedimo council except for cocoa nursery operations done by small scale farmers’. A greater part of the public places in the municipality like schools, hospital, offices etc do not have shadings that is, no trees have been planted there.

The forestry and wildlife sector of the Kombo Abedimo municipality is faced with the problem of unsustainable exploitation of natural resources. There is a need for zoning and defining land use patterns (creation of protected sites) and reinforcement of the implementation of forestry and wildlife laws, in order to curb the rate of loss of biodiversity in the area especially the mangrove Ecosystem.