COMMUNES ET VILLES UNIES DU CAMEROUN :: UNITED COUNCILS AND CITIES OF CAMEROON

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KONYE

 

  Mayor MUSIMA George LOBE
Number of municipal councilors 35
Surface Area  1101 km2
Density  57.12 persons/km2
Number of inhabitants  62,892
Date of creation  1978

Description of the municipality

Konye is located along the Kumba – Mamfe road in, Meme division, in the South-west region of Cameroon. It is bounded in the north by Nguti council, the south by Kumba council, the East by Tombel council and in the West by Dikome Balue.

The Konye council was created in 1977 following presidential degree N° 77/203 of June 29 1977. It went operational in July 1978 with headquarters in Konye.

Description of the biophysical environment

Topography

It has an undulating topography of hills on the northern and western side and level lands in the south and Eastern side.

Climate

The climate falls within the equatorial climate (Cameroon type) with an annual rainfall of 3000mm-4000mm. It is characterized by the wet and dry season, the dry season last from November to February, while the rainy season extends from March to October. The average annual temperature is 27 ° C.

Soil

It has characteristic soft black, red, stony, sandy soil which is heavily leached during heavy rains. The soil is fertile for the production of cocoa and food crops.

Hydrology

In addition, the district is watered, the Mungo, Mengeh, Moke, Nyale, are rivers that run through its frame and physical space. In addition, many other rivers, streams, springs waterfalls are visible at the village level.

MINERAL RESOURCES

Konye sub division is rich with the following mineral resources Stones for the extraction of gravel at Baduma and Mbakwa supe , Pouzzolane along the road to Eboko bajou from the Konye market, sand along the villages of Baduma, Kokaka, Ngolo Bolo, Dikomi etc, but the exploitation is very minimal.

SENSITIVE ZONES

There are sensitive zones in Konye municipality. Dikome, Konye, Kokaka, Matoh, Ikiliwindi have swamps. Mbakwa Supe has flood zones and landslide areas. Kurume has steep slopes. These areas have been abandoned by the inhabitants.

VEGETATION

The vegetation is mainly forest, characterized with cocoa, Timber, Rubber, Palms and fruit trees. It also consists of vast wetland areas consisting mainly of mangroves and a vast expanse of cocoa farms. The fauna appears to have suffered a lot of pressure. Indeed, despite the almost permanent presence of the forest, the animals are difficult to see. They are far from residential areas, given the reduction in their living space by logging and agriculture.

Fauna

The following animal species are significantly found in Konye: Mammals Bushpig (Potamochoerus porcus), Antelope (Antilocapra americana), Monkey(Cercopithedae), Porcupine(Erethison dorsatum), Deer(Odocoileus hemionus), catarh beef,), Ruminants Cutting grass(thryonomyidae), rat mould(Rattus rattus), squirrel(Rodentia Sciurus), Reptiles( snakes), Livestock( goats, sheep, pigs, fowls,rabbits snails) The trend of rare species reduces as you move away from the enclave forest areas towards more settlement zones.

Natural Resources

The principal mineral resource identified in the area is sand. It is found in all the villages along river, Baduma, Dikomi, Kokaka, and Bolo Moboka. Access is free but the use is loosely coordinated, very traditional. Wood is abundant in the forest areas covering many villages of the council space. The villagers use it as firewood or for construction. Loggers, usually illegal, make intensive use, contributing to a strong degradation of forest cover. However, forest also provides non-timber products, including Njansa, Bush peper, colanut, and bamboo. It is found at Mbonge meteke, Kokaka, Itoki, Upper ifanga, Mwangala. Access is free but it is under exploited.

Historitical and people of the council

History of the people

Konye sub division is made up of 36 villages with the main ethnic groups being Bakundu, Bafaw, Mbonge and Balong.

The Bafaw and the Balong are the minority with six and one villages respectively, while the Mbonge and Bakundu have 17 and 14 villages respectively.

The founding fathers of Mbonge villages originated from Balue in Ndian division. They migrated from Ndian in search of fertile soil for agriculture. They founded the following villages (Ngolo Bolo, Lobange, Ileh, Lobongi, Dikoro, Ediki Bekoli, Mbonge Meteke, Matoh Butu, Mofako Meteke, Upper Ifanga, Ifanga Nalende, Weme Mbonge, Bolo Moboka, Mantondo I, Mantondo II, Makobe, and Matoh). The founding fathers were Morukure and Bakuma.

The Bakundu originated from the Congo basin around the 17th century and settled in Beboka in Ndian division. They migrated from Beboka due to its hilly nature which made crop cultivation difficult for them and discovered the different Bakundu villages such as (Itoki, Konye, Kumbe, Wone, Mbakwa supe, Musanja, Kokaka, Dipenda, Koba, Mbu, Ibemi, Mwangala, Sambaliba, and Ndoi). The founding fathers were Makame Ma Ntiba, Nosueli Nwa Nasako, Nokoba Nwa Eta, Elume Na Ngoi, and Nilaze Nwa Ekozi.

The Bafaw’s originated from the Mbo area called Masuh due to inter tribal wars, three brothers (Ntum, Mpowan and Njuki) left and founded the following villages (Kokobuma, Kobone, Dikomi, Kurume, Diongo, and Ikiliwindi).

The Balong’s originated from Zaire and settled around a waterfall called Ndiba Balong since they loved water. The name Baduma came as where they settled there were Buma trees so they called the place Baduma. The founder’s name was Tangerema.

Demography

Konye has a surface area of 1101 km2 with 57 inhabitants per km2. It has an estimated population of 62.892 inhabitants giving an increase of 40.663% as compared to the 2005 national census statistics which estimate its population at 44.771 inhabitants. From the total population, are men (31.3%), women (30.3%), Adolecent (25 %) children (13.5%).. Konye being a cosmopolitan municipality harbors indigenes from different ethnic tribes. The population of Konye is constantly fluctuating, as there is constant movement of people in and out of the village, during and after the farming season.

Ethnic Groups and inter-ethnic relations

Konye is made up of 36 villages with the main ethnic groups being Bakundu, Bafaw, Mbonge and Balong. But due to it fertile soil and hospitality it has invited many strangers from different ethnicity such as the Bayangi’s, Bikom’s, Meta’s, and Nigerians. It is worth nothing that the Bafaw and the Balong are the minority with six and one villages respectively, while the Mbonge and Bakundu have 17 and 15 villages respectively.

INSTITUTIONS

Konye is also host of decentralized government institutions like the Sub divisional officer, Sub delegation of basic education, sub delegation of agriculture, forestry, and livestock.

Konye has financial institution such as CAMMCUL. It also has CIG’s and cooperatives

It has a chief’s palace with 3rd class chiefs who head the villages and a Gendarmerie post to maintain order and security in the municipality.

Religion

It hosts different religious denominations which includes Catholic, Baptist , Presbyterian , Full gospel and apostolic church. The Presbyterians missionaries where the first to settle in the municipality, thus they are widely spread in almost the villages. There is the fast growth of the pentecostals churches. While the Muslim and Jehovah witness population is very minimal

TOURISM

Konye has touristic sites such as the viaduct at Mbakwa Supe,- Mobombe waterfall in Mbakwa Supe, The Hammock bridge in Konye and Ndoi, The Bembembe rock at Ibemi, The Njoke water fall at Ibemi, The Etana’s river in Mbu and Itoki,The caves at Itoki,The relies at Itoki.

Culture

The Bakundu, Bafaw, Balong, Mbonge are the main dialects spoken in Konye.Traditional dishes are Mekere na donga (plantains and peper), Mberibi (coco leaf with bush meat soup). Their traditional attire is Sanja and white shirt or Jumper and Kaba for women. The chief wears Sanja, white shirt and a red cap with the feather of a parrot, while the traditional heads wears sanja, white shirt, a black cap with the feather of a cock.

Economic Activities

Generally, the economic sector is characterized by the practice of small income generating activities to cope with the persistence of unemployment among youths, and the persistence of poverty. Despite the income generated by the sale of cocoa, the daily quest for the satisfaction of physiological needs remains a primary concern in families.

Agriculture

Almost 90% of the population is engaged in agricultural production, cultivating mainly crops such as cocoa, cassava, plantains, maize, and fruit trees

Cocoa contributes 75% of the total income of the sub division and in households. But due to an outbreak of the black pod disease cocoa production quantity and quality has dropped in Konye.

Food crops such as plantain, palms cassava, banana, maize, cocoyam and vegetables are cultivated. The fresh plantain harvested runs the risk of losing its freshness before reaching the market due to the poor nature of farm to market roads, and the absence of food markets in areas like Weme were plantains are being cultivated in large quantities.

Cattle Breeding and Fishing

In livestock, people in the geographical area of Konye municipality practice the traditional breeding of poultry, small ruminants and pigs. The breeding of cattle is not developed in the town. The absence of a livestock market, the lack of fish farming, unconventional breeding of livestock and inadequate veterinary services are limitations to the modernization of livestock which is a source of income in the municipality. Konye municipality is not so much rich in waterways condusive for fishing. The Mungo River is almost the only one that allows some people to fish as a secondary activity and make income that contributes to the survival of their families. Fishery products are mostly sold on the local market. The fish species found in the different markets are: carpfish, catfish, tilapia, lobsters,and fish from other municipalities...

Hunting

Konye is a forest area municipality and hunting is an important and widespread activity. Although the regulations governing hunting are not respected, hunting is professionally done. Most hunters catch birds (partridge) and trap rodents (rats, porcupine) and their harvest is used for family consumption.

Forest Exploitation

Valuable timber has always been exploited from the Konye forest for local use but more for exportation. The natural vegetation cover in Konye municipality has similar characteristics to that of the dense equatorial rain forest, harboring a wide range of varieties of natural resources including fauna and flora. Concurrently, the type of farming method experienced in this village has changed some part of the forest into a savannah type

Collection of Non timber forest products (NTFP)

As regards to timber forest products, the population of the council exploits raffia for the collection of white wine for home consumption, for sale and for traditional ceremonies. The collection of this forest resource is however anarchic.

Handicrafts

The craft is to some extent endangered by a lack of transmission policy. The craft is dominated by wood carving with the carving of objects of common use such as mortar, pestle hoes’ handle, masks and other objects used locally for tradition purposes. Handicraft is also dominated by the art of bamboo in some villages and the use of fiber to make baskets, baby carriers and furnitures. There is also, at a very local scale, some small weaving and knitting of traditional dresses and bags, raffia mats.

Commerce

Several shops are available both in the urban and rural areas because of the averagely important number of potential consumers from all works of life. However, there is nearly no shop in town selling equipment. Populations, therefore, exposed their products as they can in undeveloped markets, adapting to the best of their capacities to the climate variations. The town should carry out some useful studies aimed at equipping and organizing these markets which are significant sources of communal revenues. Access to these markets will also be facilitated through road development. These markets could therefore attract a significant number of customers coming from the town, the villages and surrounding areas.