COMMUNES ET VILLES UNIES DU CAMEROUN :: UNITED COUNCILS AND CITIES OF CAMEROON

BUREAU NATIONAL :: National Office

MAMFE

 

  Mayor AYUK TAKUNCHUNG John
Phone    +237 674 62 78 91
Number of municipal councilors  35
Surface Area  7000 km2
Density  19.78 persons/km2
Number of inhabitants  200,000

Location of the Council

Mamfe municipality is found in Manyu division of the Southwest Province of Cameroon. It is located in the northern part of the Southwest. It is about 74 km away from the Cameroon – Nigeria BorderThe council shares common boundaries in the north with Akwaya council, in the east and south with Eyumojock council and in the west with Tinto council.

Description of the biophysical environment

Climate

The Mamfe municipality falls within the Equatorial Climate Zone. It has the Equatorial Rain Forest Climate, which is characterized by two distinct seasons; the rainy and the dry seasons. The dry season runs from October/November to March and is characterized by elevated temperatures (30c-32c). The rainy season begins from March/April and ends in September/October with an annual average rainfall ranging between 3500mm – 4000mm, and peak periods in the months of July and August.

Hydrology

The area is richly watered by the Badi and Manyu rivers and their tributaries. The Badi and Manyu rivers are prominent rivers that join to make up the ‘‘Cross River’’ that flows into Nigeria. Some streams do exist in the area like the Monyen and Baku streams. A waterfall exists in Bachou Ntai. Swamps exist in Bachou Ntai, Lala quarters (Mamfe town), towards Egbekaw village and another towards the Catholic Mission in Mamfe town.

Soils

Three main types of soil exist in this municipality: the sandy soil, humus or top soil and the red clay soil.

Vegetation

Generally, the Equatorial Rain Forest occupies the area and it also falls within the Tropical Evergreen Forest Type of Cameroon. It is also part of the Guineo-Congolian Floristic Region with altitude ranging from 90m-500m above sea level. We have the primary and secondary vegetation types in the area. The variation in the above-mentioned characteristics causes the existence of two unique types of vegetation in the municipality. The vegetation types are the Lowland rain forest and the Mid-Altitude Forest.

Forest

Forest Resources include Timber, Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs), Wildlife. No data on the quantity of timber in the area exist but it is estimated that over 80% of the area is covered by forest. Meanwhile a good quantity of NTFPs and Wildlife do exist in the forest

Mineral

Mineral deposits exist in some areas of the municipality, most of which are not exploited. The municipality is endowed with a lot of quarries which is highly exploited, unfortunately about 50% of the exploiters are illegal. If stricter measures are put in place to follow up the exploitation of this mineral, it will bring in much income to the council.

History and people of the council

Historical profile

Mamfe Municipal Council corresponds to Mamfe subdivision. Mamfe town is the head quarter of Manyu Division in the South West region of Cameroon. Mamfe rural council started as far back as 1917 as Mamfe Native Authority. It was comprised of the present day Nguti, Fontem, Widikum, Akwaya, Eyumojock, Tinto and Mamfe Central council. In 1978 when Eyumojock was created, it became Mamfe rural council. Tinto was later carved out in 1995 to let alone Mamfe central. Before 1995, the government appointed the Municipal administrators. The first elected Mayor (Ayuk Emmanuel Ako) came in 1995 (1995 - 2002). The present Mayor is Mr. Ayuk Takochong John

Demography

The Mamfe Rural council area is made up of 11 autonomous villages grouped into four clans. Mamfe town which is the head quarter of manyu division has extended from Small Mamfe as the main village to parts of Bessongabang and Egbekaw Villages.The population is 34.225 inhabitants over a surface area of 744square kilometers giving a population density of 46 person/square kilometer. The indigenes of the Mamfe Council area are the Bayangs. Generally, there is a mixture of several Cameroonian tribes that inhabit the Mamfe council area, but the domineering tribes include the Anyangs, keyangs and tribes from North West region (Bali, Banso, widikum). Most of these people moved into this area to practice farming attracted by the fertile soil. They contribute highly to the agricultural output of some of the villages and most have intermarried and interact in many social and economic activities.

There is freedom of worship in the Mamfe municipality. Generally, the people practice Christianity. The main Christian denominations in the area include: the Presbyterians, the Roman Catholics, the Baptists, Full gospel, Apostolic and several other Pentecostal churches. Islam and traditional religion also exist in the municipality. The Bayang tribe as a whole worship several gods which are strongly linked to the traditional institutions.

Main Economic Activities

Economic activities in the municipality fall within three main sectors. These sectors are:

- The primary sector defined by natural resource management activities such as agricultural, animal rearing, fishing and forest exploitation.

- The secondary sector is defined by mining and industrial activities .

- The tertiary sector is characterized by the production of service such as transportation and banking