BUREAU NATIONAL :: National Office




  Mayor  EKWALE Martin EKWALE
Number of municipal councilors 35
Surface Area  488km2
Density  476.64 persons/km2
Number of inhabitants  120,115

Location of the Council


Akwaya Sub-Division is in Manyu Division of the South West Region of Cameroon. This Sub-Division was created in 1963. The Sub-Division has five Court Areas viz. Takamanda, Boki, Mbulo, Assumbo and Mesaga-Ekol


Akwaya Council was created in 1966. The Council and Sub-Divisional head quarters are located about eighty five (85) miles from Mamfe. It is a border area with Nigeria. So far, access to Akwaya is by foot from Mamfe and by vehicle, through Nigeria. The road is impassable in the rainy season. Akwaya Council area is bounded to the North-West by, Momo and Menchum Divisions to the East by the Eyumojock Sub-Division and to the South by Mamfe Central Sub-Division and West by Upper Bayang Sub-Division. Akwaya council area has 99 (102 seen on the ground) gazetted villages. It has a total surface area of 488km2.




Akwaya Council has two major geographical features – dense forest in the South and savannah in the North. The South consists of the high value conservation forest – the Takamanda National Park as well as the Mone Forest Reserve. The TNP has endemic wildlife like elephants, buffalos, and gorilla. It is a biodiversity hotspot in Africa. On the South-East there is the Kagwene Gorilla Sanctuary bordering with Momo Division in the North-West Region.


The northern part is grassland. It is famous for cattle grazing; the north-west holds the Kalumo and Kajinga grazing land bordering with the Obudu cattle ranch in Nigeria. Further north-east there is also a grazing land at Amassi and Batabi areas. The people of the north carry out peasant farming and the Mbororos are the herdsmen




The dominant soil type in this municipality is the brown sandy soil with patches of dark soils. These soil types coupled with the level terrain is generally very good for agriculture.




The topography is varied. From the South there is a gentle upward climb with steep hills bridging the South and North. The Northern and North-Western areas of Akwaya have mountainous terrain – steep hills and slopes characterize the topography with altitude ranging from between 1000 to 1700m. A few areas have plains, like the Kalumo, Olulo and Akwaya central area. Hill slopes are steep to very steep, narrow boulder strewn crests and deeply incised valleys and escarpments. The geomorphic bedrock in most of the terraces is largely Precambrian basement complex of metamorphic and igneous rocks, giving rise to the poor infertile soil surface covering in some parts of the north of Akwaya.




The rainfall is heavy and begins in April sparingly and intermittently, with heavy downpours in July and August. During this period, the weather is cool, rivers are flooded and travelling is very difficult and impossible in some areas. Rainfall is up to 4500mm per year in this region. The mean annual temperature in this area is 270C1. The dry season stretches out from late November to early June. This pattern may however not be respected owing to the phenomenon of climate change. Usually all the rivers flood during the months of July, August, September and October. The temperature for most of the time is humid. There is harmattan in the months of December – February, more severe in the northern part than in the south. During this period there is much wind




The entire Akwaya Council area is blessed with many rivers, streams, and springs. Some of the main rivers include: Cross river, Ebinsi River, Tachene River, Mamfi River, Eveh River, Mone River, Tafu river, Makumonou River, just to mention a few. Most of the rivers empty themselves into the cross river down to Nigeria and then into the sea. Akwaya shares the cross river with Eyumojock and Mamfe Central Sub-Divisions. The inhabitants use the streams and springs for drinking. The rivers are used for fishing and trade channels into Nigeria in parts of the north – mesaga-ekol and Boki court area in the south.


History and People of the council


Ethnic Groups and inter-ethnic relations


Akwaya Council area has many ethnic groups - Anyang, Boki, Becheve, Banta, Oliti, Tiv, Balo, Iploh; Icheve; Evand; Temah; Ekwot, Avande, Ugar, Benage and Beba. There are ethnic groups from other parts of Cameroon, mostly from the North West Region. These groups carry out farming and trading on farm produce and honey, while others are there as civil servants. There is peaceful co-existence.




Christianity, Islam and Animism (African Traditional Religion) are the religions practised in Akwaya Council area. There are different denominations including the following: Catholic, Presbyterian, Apostolic, Baptist, Gateway Baptist, Church of Christ, Operation Akwaya Mission (Community Library) and Full Gospel.


Mobility of the population


Akwaya municipality is endowed with natural resources, especially forest resources in the south, and opportunities for the average village person. There is the fertile soil in most parts of the council area that make it possible for everyone to engage in farming. Much of the farming in the area is subsistent. Because of the difficult access into the area, most young people go out in search for jobs in cities and hardly return while the older population continue in peasant farming. Nigerians move back and forth in search for farm produce like rice, groundnuts, cocoa, bush mango and honey.


Basic Socio-economic infrastructure


The main socio-economic infrastructures include: secondary grammar and technical colleges, health centres, and river port. There are also some small scale businesses (provision stores) dotted in Akwaya Town and some of the villages. There is the lone standard market constructed with funds from RUMPI, but the market is still unused. Akwaya has the potentials of agricultural activities as well as mining. The many rivers could be a source of high fishing activity, and a source for developing fishing ponds in the area. There is the Takmon Cooperative Society.


The WCS, and TRC (now Boistex) are carrying out wildlife conservation and timber exploitation respectively. PSMNR are developing some roads to link some villages around the TNP area and supporting the villagers with some income generating activities.