COMMUNES ET VILLES UNIES DU CAMEROUN :: UNITED COUNCILS AND CITIES OF CAMEROON

BUREAU NATIONAL :: National Office

NGUTI

 

Mayor TONG George ENOH

Phone +237 675 09 24 82 

  

Location of the council

The Nguti Council is located in the Nguti Sub – Division in Kupe Muanenguba Division of the South West Region of Cameroon. The Council is located at 05.32902º N and 009.42562º E at an altitude of 238m. It is bounded by Mamfe and Upper Bayang in the North, Konye and Tombel in the South, Mundemba in the West and the Littoral Region in the East.

The Council was created in 1967 but only went operational in 1968. At the time of its creation, the council was run by the Divisional Officer. The first appointed Mayor was Chief Enoh Adamson Akule in 1985. The following have been Mayors, Mr. Achuo Peter, Mr Esapa Peter Besong, Mr. Nhon Mbome Joseph and now the current Mayor Mr. Tanyi George Ayompe.

There are 54 villages and four main clans in the Nguti Sub-Division. These include:

The Mbo

The Upper Balong

The Bakossi

The Bassosi

Of the 54 villages in the municipality, 26 are enclaved with very difficult accessibility and are commonly called the Mbo Hinterlands. The remaining 28 villlages are the Upper Balongs (8 villages), the Basossis (11 villages) and the Bakossis (9 villages). These ethnic groups are further divided into Nine (9) clans. These include:1] The Upper Balong; 2] The Bebum; 3] The Basossi; 4] The Ngemengoe; 5] The Aboh Agoe ; 6] The lower mbo, 7] The Bangue; 8] the Nkongho mbeng; 9] The Upper Nkongho.

The Council has a surface area of 1444km2 and a population of 67,218 people. It is comprised of 54 chiefdoms 2 second class chiefdoms in Nguti and Talangaye; and 52 third class chiefdoms).

Description of the biophysical environment

Relief

Hills, steep slopes, deep valleys, low lands, rugged and undulating surfaces. The dominant physical feature of the municipality is huge tropical forest mixed with secondary and primary forest.

Wildlife

The forests are home to several types of primates especially the monkeys and also elephants. There are also the bush pigs, porcupine, cutting grass, birds of assorted types including the parrot.

Flora and Vegetation and Protected Areas

The biodiversity is great with hundreds of species. There are several protected areas particularly the Bayang Mbo sanctuary; the Korup and the Bakossi Park. Others include village traditional protected sites for cultural activities.

Climate

Generally of the equatorial type with two main seasons; a short dry season of about four months [November to February] and a long rainy season [March to October] wet most of the season with an average temperature of 25oc to 35oc. The rainfall is unevenly distributed in the municipality. The relative humidity is very high above 75%. The short dry and long rainy season, high temperatures, high rainfall, high relative humidity are suitable for diverse agriculture.

Soils

The Soils are very fertile in the Rumpi hill areas but of reduced fertility in the Mbo areas.There are various types of soils ranging from laterite, sandy, humous and clay and are generally acidic which are suitable for farming especially the cultivation of cocoa, coffee, banana, oil palm, rubber and a great variety of food crops such as plantains, cocoyams, yams cassava, egusi, maize, pineapples.

Water Resources

Several small streams and rivers some all year round and others dry up in the dry season. Some have waterfall of small and medium sizes suitable for water systems by gravity as the case in Talangaye and hydro electricity in Nguti.

Gazetted Forests

The Nguti Council forest and 02 Community forests.

Sensitive zones

There are several swampy areas found here and there in the human settlement areas.

Mineral Resources There are huge quantities of sand, but no report of the presence of minerals such as gold, bauxite or iron ore.

Natural and Touristic Resources

The Nguti municipality is characterized by biodiversity rich forests and lakes. Natural resources

in Nguti include primary and secondary forests, rivers, lakes, streams, waterfalls, and wildlife.

The Nguti forests are characterized by a high diversity of flora (with NTFP plants like Njansang,

Bush mango, eru, bitter cola, country onion and pebbe) and fauna such as elephants, moneys,

gorillas and deers etc.

Some of these natural resources have become touristic sites and attract a lot of tourists but the

ecotourism section has not yet been developed. These touristic sites include the following

1. Bermin crater lake

2. Bambe Escarpment

3. Bayang Mbo sanctuary

4. Elephant market

5. The Bake water fall could be a good touristic site but access to the site is still a challenge.

Financial Institutions

There are very few services in the Nguti Council area. These include:

1. The Credit Union

2. The Micro-finance service offered by the Post office

3. Express Union

4. Njangi houses

Historical Profile, Physical framework and Population

The Council was created in 1967 but only went operational in 1968. At the time of its creation, the council was run by the Divisional Officer. The first appointed Mayor was Chief Enoh Adamson Akule in 1985. The following have been Mayors, Mr. Achuo Peter, Mr Esapa Peter Besong, Nhon Mbome Joseph and now the current Mayor Mr. Tanyi George Ayompe.

The Council has a surface area of 1444km2 and a population of 67,218 people. It is comprised of Fifty Four (54) villages with 54 chiefdoms (2 second class in Nguti and Talangaye and 52 third class chiefs).

Out of the 54 villages in the municipality, 26 are enclaved with very difficult accessibility and are commonly called the Mbo Hinterlands. The remaining 28 villlages are the Upper Balongs (8 villages), the Basossis (11 villages) and the Bakossis (9 villages). These ethnic groups are further divided into Nine (9) clans. These include:

1. The Bebum

2. The Basossi

3. The Nge mengoe

4. The Aboh Agoe

5. The lower mbo

6. The Bangue

7. the Nkongho mbeng

8. The Upper Nkongho

9. The Upper Balong

Economic Activities

Agriculture

The main economic activity carried out in Nguti Sub-Division is Agriculture. The principal cash crops produced in Nguti are Cocoa, Coffee, Palm trees and Oranges. Food crops such as Plantains, Cocoyams, Bananas, Cassavas, Groundnuts and Egussi are also common in the area However; the latter is mainly for subsistence farming.

Animal Husbandry and Fishing

Artisanal fishing is common particularly in the Mbo Hinterlands. These fish products are only available to the buyers from the Western region that makes up the population of the market of the Mbo hinterlands. The road linking these hinterland villages to the other villages of the Sub- Division are very bad and long requiring that the travellers pass through the Western Region. A small proportion of the population carries out animal husbandry. The livestock that characterizes the sub-division includes chicken and goats. Very few people rear pigs but it is mainly for home consumption.

Hunting

Nguti is characterized by a large forest space with a great diversity in forest products (both flora and fauna). Thus, hunting is a main activity in Nguti. The main animals hunted include porcupine, deer, cutting grass, monkeys, pangolin and antelopes.

Forest Exploitation

The Nguti forests are exploited both for Timber and for Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs). The NTFPs harvested here include the following:

Ricinodendron heudeulotii (Njansang)

Irvingia gabonensis (Bush mango)

Gnetum africanum (Eru)

Pebbe

Country Onion

Bitter cola

Bush meat of diverse species (Porcupine, deer, cutting grass, pangolin and antelopes)

Timber exploitation in the Nguti Municipality is done by the Ayomkpe Saw Mill.

Illegal Collection of Forestry Products

There is a lot of poaching in Nguti. The inhabitants of Nguti depend mainly on bush meat for their source of meat protein. This is because they do not have many cow rearers to supply them with cows or even other grazers like sheep or horses. There is only one cow rearer in the entire urban space of Nguti and even no slaughter house. In addition, they do not have much fish, so their main source of meat and fish protein is bush meat. The people set traps in the forest for bush meat irrespective of the type. There is therefore a risk of hunting some protected species.

Craftsmanship

Several craftsmen exist in Nguti who do craft work as an economic activity. Most of them are involved in weaving baskets, balls, chairs and even bamboo beds.

Industry

The only industries represented in the municipality are the Timber exploitation and processing company, WIJMA and the Ayomkpe Saw Mill.

Services/Private Sector

There are very few services in the Nguti Council area. These include:

The Credit Union

The Micro-finance service offered by the Post office

Two markets

Private schools

The Medical Institution Manyemen

St. John of God Nguti

Catholic Hospital Mbetta

SGSOC

HEIFER

ACEFA

Social Infrastructures

The Nguti Council has a total number of 7 nursery schools, 40 primary schools, 14 Secondary schools, 4 hospitals, 6 Health centers, 1 socio cultural infrastructure, 4 community generators for electricity and 3 Mini hydropower plants. The entire Sub-Division has approximately 4 bore holes and catchments which supply water by gravity using stand taps.

The nursery schools include the following:

1. GNS Nguti

2. GNS Manyemen

3. GNS Mbetta

4. GNS Njungo

5. PNS Manyemen

6. GNS Babensi

7. CNS Ntale