COMMUNES ET VILLES UNIES DU CAMEROUN :: UNITED COUNCILS AND CITIES OF CAMEROON

BUREAU NATIONAL :: National Office

MUYUKA

 

   Mayor NKENG Michael AKAMIN
Number of municipal councilors 35
Number of inhabitants 118,470
Date of creation 1956

Location of the Council area

Muyuka is a small town in Fako Division of the South West Region of Cameroon, located (4.72167°N and 9.64083°E) about 31km from Buea, the Region capital. It is host to one of the four councils (Muyuka council) that make up Fako Division. A total of some 18 villages make up the council area: Muyuka (Administrative Head Quarter of the Council), Masone, Munyenge, Lylale, Lykoko, Ikata, Bafia, Bavenga, Owe, Malende, Yoke, Ekona Mbenge, Ekona Lelu, Massuma, Leo La Buea, Mundame, Mpondu Balong and Mautu

Brief description of the bio-physical environment

Climate

Average monthly temperatures are like any other part of Fako division, with the hottest month recording a monthly temperature of 33°c (February and March) and the coldest months recording as low as 23°c (June–October)

Two major seasons exist in the area, the rainy and the dry seasons. In the past, the rainy season occurred from March and extends to October and the dry season from November to February each year. Present climatic change has caused variation in both seasons. The rainy season extends up to October and December.

Relief

The topography of this council area is characterized by steep/gentle slopes and lowlands. Settlements are located between 45m and 898m above sea level.The village with the highest altitude point above sea level is Ekona Lelu (898m) above sea level while Muyuka has the lowest location point of 45m above sea level.

Soil

Like any other part of the Mount Cameroon region, the Muyka municipality is rich in andosols even though water remains one of the vital natural resources appealing to the local inhabitants of the eastern slope. Traces of clay soils can also be found in certain areas. Generally, the area is rich in sandy soil, black volcanic soil with high humus content. However the Municipality is suffering from high soil erosion due to increasing human intervention.

Hydrology

The major water bodies in this municipality are the Yoke River found in Yoke, the Mungo River that flows across Mpondu village and “Lake Mboudong” in Masoni village and other small streams in various villages.

Flora and vegetation

Primary forest and secondary forester with savannah vegetation dominate flora species of the municipality. However, over 80% of the primary forest had long been exploited by timber companies.

Fauna

Wild life and domesticated animals are found within the Muyuka sub division. Cattle, goats, sheep, pigs, poultry (local and improved breeds), ducks, cane rats and rat moles constitute the domesticated animals whilst the antelope, hare, deer, monkeys, elephants, pangoline, chimpanzee, gorilla, bush baby and squirrels constitute those found in the wild. Moreover, the wild birds include: Grey headed sparrow, Swallow, Hawk, Weaver bird, Sunbird Owls, bats, Kingfisher and parrots.

Protected area

The main protected area in this municipality is the Bakundu Forest Reserve that cut across both Muyuka Subdivision and Mbonge Subdivision and the Mount Cameroon forest reserve that extends from Ekona Lelu to Munyenge.

Mineral resources

There is no evidence of mineral resources in this Subdivision as confirmed by community residents and no secondary data exists to disprove this.

Natural resources

Natural resources in the Council area are the gravy pits in Ekona Mbenge and Ikata village. Sand pits are also available in communities like Yoke and Malende.

History and people of the Council

Historical Background

The Muyuka council was created in 1956 as a Divisional Council. At the time of its creation, it was headed by a council administrator appointed by the then Ministry of Territorial Administration. The council then moved from a divisional council to a sub-divisional council in the early 1970’s and then called as the ‘Muyuka Rural Council’ (MRC). The appellation of the council was later on changed to the ‘Muyuka Council’(MC) following the signing into law of the 22nd July, 2004 (laws on decentralization), which transferred responsibilities and competences to councils and removed and transformed the rural/urban qualification to mere councils within the dispensation of decentralization. The monographic study of the council presented 18 villages made up of 98 quarters

Demography

Population size and structure

The population size of the Muyuka Municipality s estimated at 118,470 inhabitants.

Population Mobility

Population mobility includes movement within, out and into the municipality. Population mobility within the municipality is inter-communities. People migrate from other communities to settle in communities which are considered urban areas within the municipalities because of the present of basic amenities like schools, health care, water and electricity.

Other form of mobility is movement out of the Municipality (rural exodus). The reason for this flow of population is the search for better living conditions.

Ethnicity

Historically, two main ethnic groupings made up the municipality - the Bakweri and the Balong which could be described as the native inhabitants of the Council area. In recent times, the area has witnessed a surge in diverse ethnic representation drawn from within and without Cameroon comprising the Bangwa’s, Bamileke, Bikom, Mankon, Bafut, Ibo’s, Ibiobos.

Settlement pattern

Over the years, population and economic growth have transformed some a number linear settlement patterns to cluster. For example, communities like Munyenge, Bafia, Ikata, Owe, Muyuka, Ekona Mbenge, Malende and Yoke that are today classified as urban centers grew out from linear settlement patterns to cluster.

Religion

Christianity was introduced in the Municipality in the 1950s by the Basel mission. Since then, the acknowledgment and fear of the creator is embedded in the mines of residents in the Muyuka Municipality. For this reason, one could identify churches of different denomination in most villages in the Municipality. Some churches include: the Roman Catholic, Presbyterian Church of Cameroon, Baptist, Apostolic, Full Gospel church etc.

Basic socio economic infrastructure

Agriculture

Agriculture is the major economic activity and source of livelihood for majority of individuals, families and households in this Municipality. Consequently, the Government of Cameroon (GoC) has put in place technical services (though not effective) to assist farmers with modern production system. This service includes the sub divisional delegation of agriculture and agricultural post. Most residents of this municipality are involved in the cultivation of cash crops (cocoa, palm oil) and food crops (plantain, cocoyams, bananas, yams, maize,)

The potentials of this activity are that it provides source of employment and revenue to residents. The common problem associated with it is a drop in agriculture production and low productivity

Health

The Government of Cameroon has invested much in the sector of heath in the Muyuka municipality. A District Medical Hospital, Medical Health Center (CMA), Integrated Health Center coupled with authorized private clinics is available in these communities. Communities with either public or private health infrastructure are Muyuka, Eknona Mbenge, Malende, Bafia, Ikata, and Munyenge.

The most prevalence diseases reported in the health sector are malaria and typhoid. Sexually transmitted diseases like HIV/AIDS, syphilis and gonorrhea as testified by officials of these centers.

Common problems related to health are inadequate medical equipment and staff.

Education

Various educational institutions present in this Municipality are the public and lay private schools at both basic and secondary level. Though the GoC has put in place technical services (sub divisional inspectorate for basic education and Delegation of secondary education) to monitor the smooth functioning of various schools in this municipality, these institution still facethe problem of inadequate pedagogic materials, limited classrooms and desks, ill equipped technical services and limited staff.

Water

Access to potable water within this municipality is inadequate. The service of CAMWATER is limited to Muyuka, Malende and Yoke and the rest of the communities like Ekona Mbenge, Mundame, Ekona Lelu, Bafia, Ikata and Owe have benefited from water schemes though insufficiency remain a greater problem due to large population size, and non treatment of water source or non functional water system remain a major problem

Electricity

With regards to energy, the source of energy in the council area varied in terms of types. Some communities like Owe, Ikata, Malende, Muyuka, Ekona Mbenge and Yoke are connected by AES Sonel while the rest of communities rely on private generator and wood fuel. Insufficient electricity supply remains a major problem to communities connected to AES Sonel.

Communication

Access to Radio signals in the Municipality can be considered adequate. Television signals are limited to community like Ikata, Bavenga, Muyuka, Mautu, Yoke, Malende and Ekona Mbenge. Cable network and print medium are areas to be encouraged. Insufficient access to communication media has led to low level of awareness in the Municipality.

Roads

Roads network linking communities within the Council area vary in states. The states of road within the council area are horrible especially during the rainy season. Vehicle plying the road during this period usually get stocked in mud pits and incidents of frequent accidents are frequent as testify by some residents of this communities.

Except for the paved main axes leading from Buea to Kumba that runs through the Municipality, the rest of the road infrastructures are earth and unpaved roads. Though these roads are passable all year round, the state of the roads remains in very bad condition. Investment in regular road maintenance is imperative to ease free movement of persons and goods as well as promoting diversification in economic activities

Environment

The environment is constantly under pressure from mankind. The search of farmlands and settlements space keeps increasing as time increases. Most farming systems are not eco-friendly, leading to land degradation. Solid wastes are not properly disposed of. The absence of waste management system and/or waste disposal mechanisms in the municipality makes littering very common. Street/ roads and drainage system serve as dumping ground for household waste. This practice has contributed to the current poor hygienic and sanitation condition in the council area. The state of the art vis-à-vis waste disposal in some communities is shown in the picture gallery.