COMMUNES ET VILLES UNIES DU CAMEROUN :: UNITED COUNCILS AND CITIES OF CAMEROON

BUREAU NATIONAL :: National Office

NJINEKOM

 

Mayor  CHAH Terence BAM

Phone +237 677 85 24 48

   

Description of the municipality

The Njinikom Council is found in the Njinikom Sub Division in Boyo Division of the North West Region of Cameron. Situated about 54 km from Bamenda, the Njinikom sub Division is found between latitude 6o20’ and 6o30’ North and between longitude 10o11’ and 10o30’ East and is surrounded by the Fundong sub division on the North and West side and by the Belo sub division to the South and East and by Oku and Babessi sub divisions while to the North it is bounded by Noni sub division and to the South West by the Bafut sub division.

The sub division was created in 1996 and covers a surface area of about 173 square kilometres. According to the Monographic Study organized and funded by the Njinikom Council in collaboration with the Canadian Cooperation Support Office, projections for the population in the year 2011 is thirty two thousands, three hundred and sixty seven (32,367) inhabitants following a growth rate of 2.8%. Another Njinikom Council report for the Financial Year of 2010 places the population at thirty three thousands (33.000) inhabitants. However, the village diagnosis results put the population of the municipality at 37,459. The municipality has 15 villages

Ethnic groups and inter ethnic relations

There are three ethnic groups in the Njinikom sub division which include the Kom who are Tikars, the Mbueni people who are from Widikum and constitute part of the Obang tribe which migrated from Momo division to the Menchum River valley and then moved from there to settle in Kom after the Fon’s permission and the Mbororos who constitute a minority. These ethnic groups operate cordially as people of the same municipality under the rule of the Fon of Kom to whom the chief of Mbueni and the leader of the Mbororos pay allegiance to. The vernacular used by the various ethnic groups is quite unique but they are able to communicate with each other. This brings the number of languages spoken in this area to five which include: Arabic, the itangi-kom, the Mbueni language, pidgin and English languages

Historical profile

The Njinikom Council is a result of an evolution from the 1940s which began with the Tikari Group which had its head quarters in Ndop. This was later modified to the Wum Divisional Council in 1948 and then to the Kom Clan Council or Kom Native Authority in 1950 which included the Bum area in the Menchum Division with the head quarters in Laikom (now in the Fundong Sub division). Thirteen years after, in 1963 it was once more modified as the Kom Bum Caretaker Council and the head quarters moved to Njinikom with the first appointed official chairman, Mr. Cyril Muteh Mbeh from Kom. All this was done under the Southern and West Cameroon administration. Again on July 15th 1968, the West Cameroon Secretary of State for the Interior, Hon. B.T Sakah issued a revocation letter that terminated the Caretaker Council and created the Kom Bum Council and the head quarters remained in Njinikom. Later again in 1972, it was renamed the Kom/Bum Council and the head quarters moved to Fundong and again changed to Kom Bum Council but the head quarters remained in Fundong in 1978. From July 20th 1985, under the rule of Mr. E.N Ndi as Municipal Administrator, it was changed to the Fundong Rural Council. That was not going to be the last change to be faced as in 1996, the Fundong Rural Council was split into four among which were the Belo, Njinikom, Fundong and Bum Rural Councils. The Njinkom Council has been operational since 1996 and till date has had two mayors in the persons of Mr. Wainbah Donatus and the present day Ngong David Chiatoh who started in 2000 by serving part of the former’s term as he resigned before the end of his term.

Biophysical environment of the council

Climate

The climate of the Njinikom Council area is cold with two distinct seasons; the dry and the rainy seasons. The dry season is marked by a windy and dusty atmosphere beginning from November to February while the rainy season is often windy and foggy starting from March to late October. During the dry season mean annual temperatures range from 14oC to 28oC. Rainfall is generally heavy, ranging from1800-3200mm per annum.

Relief

The Njinikom council area is found in the mountainous stretch of the western highlands agro-ecological zone of Cameroon. About eighty per cent of the land within the municipality is situated above 1400 meters in altitude and the topography is characterize by mountains, escarpments, valleys and plateau. Due to the hilly nature of the Njinikom sub division and the heavy rainfall often recorded in the months of August and September landslides have been common place in the sub division.

Soils

The Municipality has two principal soil types, modified orthic soils and penevoluted ferralitic soils which have undergone a lot of erosion and leaching due to poor farming methods and the relief.

Hydrology

There are many springs and streams which flow heavily down the hills in the rainy season but dry off in the hearth of the dry season as the water table drops.

Flora and Vegetation

There exist different types of vegetation in the Njinikom Sub division, the most common of which is the savannah shrub, comprising of stunted trees and grass. Some of the hills with the highest altitudes have forest ecosystems such as the Ijim Mountain Forest and the Mbueni desciduous forest.

Fauna

Wildlife and domesticated animals are found within the Njinikom sub division. Cattle, goats, sheep, pigs, poultry, ducks, cane rats and rat moles constitute the domesticated animals whilst the Duiker, antelope, hare, deer, monkeys, pangoline, chimpanzee, gorilla, bush baby and squirrels constitute those found in the wild. Moreover, the wild birds include: the Barneman’s Turaco, which is a protected species, Green Turaco, Grey headed sparrow, Swallow, Hawk, Weaver bird, Sunbird Owls, Kingfisher and Robin.

Protected Areas

The main protected areas in the sub division include: the Ijim Plant Life Sanctuary which has protected species such as the chimpanzee, the gorilla and the birds called Barnerman’s Turaco and the Platysteria laticina (Banded Wattle eye). Other plant species such as the Maeosopsis, Mahogany, Iroko, Canarium schweiwuntii, Prunus Africana also constitute found in the protected area.

Mineral resources

The main mineral resource commonly found within the Njinikom Municipality is the basalt, commonly called “the black stone”, exploited and commercialized by individuals for the construction of houses and roads. This is a very big potential for the Council area as raw material for construction of any kind.

Mineral resources

The main mineral resource commonly found within the Njinikom Municipality is the basalt, commonly called “the black stone”, exploited and commercialized by individuals for the construction of houses and roads. This is a very big potential for the Council area as raw material for construction of any kind.