COMMUNES ET VILLES UNIES DU CAMEROUN :: UNITED COUNCILS AND CITIES OF CAMEROON

BUREAU NATIONAL :: National Office

FUNDONG

 

  Mayor    TEM Peter CHEGHE
Phone   +237 699 31 16 80

Surface Area 7000 km2
Number of inhabitants 138,491

Density 19.78 persons/km2

Number of municipal councilors 35  

Description of the council

Fundong Council is found in Fundong sub division in Boyo Division of the North West region. It is located within the grassland savannah area of the mountainous western highland region of Cameroon. It is situated about 68km from Bamenda. Fundong sub Division is found between latitude 6o4’ and 6o20’ north and between longitude 10o11’ and 10o30’ East. It is surrounded by Wum sub divisions to the west and to the east by Noni sub divisions while to the north it is bounded by Fungom sub division and to the south by Njinikum sub division. The entire sub division covers a land surface area of about 519 square kilometres with 34 villages and numerous quarters.

Council biophysical environment

Climate

Fundong municipality is generally cold, windy and wet. Sometimes it is warm, dry and sunny during spells. Temperature ranges from 15°C to 38° C with average temperature of 24.5 to 29.7°C. Average annual rainfall stands at 2400mm per annum and humidity of 82% with two seasons. The rainy season begins from mid march to mid October and a dry season that extends from mid October to mid march.

Relief

The Fundong Municipality is found in the mountainous stretch of the western highlands characterized by agro-ecological zone of Cameroon. The topography ranges between 40-70% slopes; with undulating hills and deep valleys. There is also the existence of warm tropical swamp.

Soils

The soils are dominantly volcanic with laterites, sands and loams in depressions. In most low lying areas, soils are thick, humus and rich e.g. sedimentary warm humus rich/fertile soils. Generally, the dominant soil types within Fundong Municipality are lateritic and ferralitic soils.

Hydrology

The major rivers found within the Fundong Municipality are Nkoini which also serves as the natural boundary between Fundong and Njinikom sub divisions; the Jviaffief, which flows from Ijim forest crossing through Fundong Town and down to Menchum in the west; Jvia Ngwa which runs from Ijim via Muteff, Abuh, Ngwa and Meli and it also separates the Fundong Municipality and ZOA Council; Jvia Ngunabum which flows from Ijim passing through Ilung and Ngunabum and joins River Kimbi. Other streams of significant value are Jvia Ibolem, Jvia Mboh which both flow from Ijim Forest and into Jvia Ngwa. Also found are prominent springs and waterfalls like “Tchimni” in Fundong Centre and the Laikom, Akeh and Ajung waterfalls.

Flora

Fundong council area is generally described as tropical grasslands or humid savannah with dominant forest woodland and re-growth savannah with grass and shrubs. There is also a gallery forest found in Mbam and a re-growth savannah found around the neighbouring Mentang village.

Fauna

Fundong has a variety of wildlife and domesticated animal species. Domesticated animal species include: cattle, goats/sheep, pigs, poultry (local and improved breeds) some wild hunted birds and animals like the Banded wattled-eye, bannaerman’s Turaco, Grey headed sparrow, swallow, hawk and weaver birds, duiker, antelope, deer, porcupine and a few primates.

These animals considered as a patrimony of Fundong is being threatened by the rapid increase in population and environmental degradation.

Protected Areas

Protected areas are not common within the Fundong municipality. Some of the available protected areas are in Ijim forest reserve covering villages like Yviwi, Mboh, Aduk, Muteff ,Abuh, Ilung, Bolem, Akeh and Laikom. Another major forest reserve includes the Kom-Bum reserve found in Mbengkas. Sacred forests found within the municipality are found in Mboh, Ilung, Mbengkas, and Baiso. Protected shrines and sacred sites can be found all over the municipality such as the ‘tung’ river in Meli and the Mbam shrine.

History and people of the council

Population

According to the results of the 2005 population census, the total population of Fundong council area was estimated at 45831 inhabitants (20531 males and 25300 females) covering a surface area of 519 sq km previous projections indicate the population density at 72 to 79/km2. After participatory village diagnosis (using primary data only) the total approximated population stands at 124841 inhabitants.

History of Fundong Council

The Fundong Rural Council was created by the presidential decree no 77-203 of 29th June 1977 following the organisation of councils as laid down in law no 74-23 of 5th December 1974. Being in Menchum Division, Fundong Rural council had its administrative center at Fundong. Between 1977 and 1996, Kom-Bum was made up of Belo, Njinikom, Bum and Fundong as one council until these other councils effectively became autonomous councils following the decentralisation of councils in Boyo Division.

Ethnic groups

There are 9 ethnic groups within the Fundong municipality namely Kom, Hausa, Mbororo, Fulani, Banso, Bayangi, Bali, Ngie and Bum. Amongst these ethnic groups, the Kom people constitute the highest number. The Muslim community made up of mostly cattle rearers settled within the municipality because of the availability of grazing land. The other ethnic groups have migrated to Fundong for social and economic reasons.

Religion

The main religious institutions in the Fundong are: Catholics, Baptists, the Presbyterians, and Muslims. There is a minority of Pentecostals.

Economic activities

Agriculture: Farming is practiced both in the rural and urban space of the municipality. Majority of the farmers still carry out subsistence agriculture with poor farming techniques like the slash and burn and shifting cultivation. These are commonly practiced on small farm sizes of about 6 hectares of land. The agro-ecological zones of the municipality include high altitude areas of the plateau. The varied agro-ecologies correspond to a variety of crops grown within the sub division. Table10 below highlights the major crops cultivated and the estimated production data and also some initiatives to promote agriculture within the municipality.

Commerce: Trading is among the most important economic activity that occupies a significant proportion of the population. The Fundong urban centre is the focal point for business in the municipality and business activities normally reach peak levels on Fundong market day. Other important local markets within the municipality operating from daily to weekly basis are Alim and Abuh respectively. A market was also opened at Mbam which is not functional. The cattle and goat markets at juaffef are also points of business attractions. However, the various markets need infrastructure and organization for better services to the population.